nkhani

Kugwiritsa ntchito kafukufuku wopanga wa akupanga pakutsuka: Chifukwa cha kapangidwe kazitsulo kozungulira, kafukufuku wopanga akupanga makamaka woyenera kuyeretsa mapaipi amitundu yonse. Lamulo ndikutembenuza mphamvu yamagetsi kukhala yamagetsi ndikupanga kuti ikule ndi kuthirira malinga ndi malamulo ake. Khoma lamkati la chitoliro limapangitsa kuti likhale ndi mphamvu zambiri. Chodabwitsa chomwe chimapangidwa ndi omwe akupanga panthawi yofalitsa chimapangitsa kukula, madzi ndi khoma lamkati la chitoliro kuyambiranso. Chifukwa cha kuchuluka kosiyanasiyana kwa sikelo, madzi ndi khoma lamkati la chitoliro, mamolekyulu amadzi mu chitoliro amalumikizana wina ndi mnzake, ndikupangitsa mphamvu yayikulu yamphamvu ndikukhudzanso kutentha kwapansi. Chosanjikiza chapamwamba chimapangidwa kukhala chosalala, chosenda, chosungunuka, chosungunuka, ndikutulutsidwa limodzi ndi zida zake, potero pozindikira kuyeretsa kwa khoma lamkati la payipi ndi kafukufuku wopanga wa akupanga. Kuphatikiza apo, bala yolumikizira akupanga itha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito kuyeretsa thupi la thanki, ndipo itha kuyikidwa momasuka pamalo aliwonse osambira thanki. Kugwiritsa ntchito kumasintha kwambiri komanso kosavuta, ndipo voliyumu yake ndiyocheperako, ndipo kuyeretsa sikusiya mawonekedwe akufa.

Kugwiritsa ntchito kafukufuku wopanga akupanga m'zigawo za mankhwala achi China

The akupanga chigawo chimodzi angagwiritsidwe ntchito kuchotsa yogwira zosakaniza za chikhalidwe Chinese mankhwala. Choyamba, zosungunulira m'zigawo zimawonjezeredwa mu chidebecho, ndipo mankhwala aku China amapukutidwa kapena kudulidwa mu granules momwe zingafunikire, ndikuyika zosungunulira zamadzimadzi; jenereta ya akupanga ndiyomwe yatsegulidwa, kafukufuku wamakina akupanga pamwamba pa thankiyo, ndipo akupanga amatulutsidwa kuzinthu zosungunulira, ndipo akupanga ndi The 'cavitation effect' ndipo makina opangidwa ndi zosungunulira m'zigawo amatha kuthyola bwino khoma lachitetezo cha mankhwala, kotero kuti chogwiritsira ntchito chimakhala chaulere ndipo chimasungunuka muzosungunulira m'zigawo, ndipo mbali inayi, mayendedwe am'mimba a zosungunulira amatha kupitilizidwa, kuti zosungunulira zichotsedwe. Imalumikizidwa mwachangu ndi zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga mankhwala, ndipo imasakanikirana komanso kusakanikirana.

Kutentha kwakukulu kwa kafukufuku wopanga akupanga kuti atenge mankhwala ndi 40-60 madigiri Celsius, chifukwa chake palibe chifukwa chokonzekeretsa chowotchera kuti chitenthe nthunzi, chomwe chimathandiza kupulumutsa mphamvu ndikuwongolera kuwonongeka kwa chilengedwe. Chofunika kwambiri, chimakhala ndi zoteteza pazomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito muzitsulo zotentha, zosavuta kuzizira kapena zitsamba zophatikizidwa. Kafukufuku wofufuza wopanga akupanga pafupifupi mphindi 30 kuti apeze zotsatira zabwino. Kuchotsa bwino kumayendetsedwa bwino poyerekeza ndi njira zachikhalidwe, ndipo sikucheperachepera chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa mankhwala azitsamba achi China. Ndi oyenera mitundu yambiri ya mankhwala azitsamba achi China ndi zosakaniza zosiyanasiyana. Kuchulukanso (kuphatikiza zamadzimadzi zamadzimadzi ndi zolimba zamadzimadzi). Chifukwa chake, kugwiritsa ntchito ma probes akututuma kwa akupanga mankhwala achi China akuvomerezedwa ndi makampani ambiri azachipatala.

Kugwiritsa ntchito kafukufuku wopanga wa akupanga pakuwonjezera kuyankha kwamankhwala

Mbali yakutsogolo yamakina ofufuza omwe akupanga nyanga imagwirizanitsidwa kwambiri ndi khoma lakunja la ketulo kapena m'kati mwa thupi la ketulo. The ultrasonic transducer atha kutumiza akupanga kwa mankhwala opangidwira mu mphako, ndipo madzi omwe amayenera kuthandizidwa ndi akupanga. Mphamvu ya cavitation ingayambitse kusintha kwa zomwe zimachitika, kuwononga zosungunulira zamagetsi zomwe zimapangika m'mimbamo, kupanga kutentha kwakanthawi kothamanga ndi kuthamanga kwakukulu kokwanira kuyambitsa zomwe zimachitika, kupanga malo opangira mphamvu, ndikulimbikitsa kuyenda bwino kwa momwe mankhwala amathandizira. Chofunikira chachikulu pakukhudzidwa kwa kafukufuku wakututuma.

The yachiwiri zotsatira za akupanga monga mawotchi mantha, emulsification, mayamwidwe, onongani, etc. zonse ndi zopindulitsa pa zonse kusanganikirana kwa reactants. Ma probes othamanga amagwiritsa ntchito ma transducers okhala ndi mphamvu yayikulu, omwe amatha kupangitsa kuti zinthuzo ziziyenda mwamphamvu ndikufulumizitsa. Kusamutsidwa kwa zinthu kumatha kusinthasintha kwachikhalidwe. Zachidziwikire, muntchito zothandiza, ndibwino kugwiritsa ntchito chosakanizira chamagetsi kuti muchepetse zomwe zimachitika.

Kugwiritsa ntchito kafukufuku wopanga akupanga mu anti-makulidwe

Timatenga chowotcha kutentha monga chitsanzo. Kafukufuku wopanga akupanga nthawi zambiri amaikidwa polowera wowonjezera kutentha. Iwo umalamulidwa ndi kugwirizana flange ndi vavu ulamuliro. Itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kukonzanso ndikusunga zida za akupanga osasiya kupanga. Mfundo yayikulu ndiyakuti akupanga amatulutsa ndikupanga mphamvu panthawi yamagetsi, ndipo mamolekyulu azinthu monga sikelo, madzi ndi chitsulo chosinthana kutentha zimapeza mphamvu pakuzungulirazungulira, ndipo madzi omwe ali mu chubu chosinthira kutentha amapanga kugwedezeka komanso kugunda kwakukulu ndikupeza mphamvu. Mamolekyulu amadzi okhala ndi mitundu ingapo yamchere yomwe imakhala yosakhazikika mwa iwo yokha imatulutsa ma cavitation thovu (cavitation), omwe amapanga ma molekyulu amadzi a cavitation. Thovu limeneli, likamakula mofulumira ndikutseka mwadzidzidzi, limatulutsa zovuta zakumtunda zikwi zikwi ndi ma jeti othamanga kwambiri mpaka 400 km / h komanso mphamvu zopitilira 5000 k. Mphamvu izi zimawononga kuphatikiza kwa ma ayoni abwino ndi oyipa okhala ndi asidi osinthasintha ndikuwononga kapangidwe kake. Zoyenera kukwaniritsa kuti zitheke.

Kugwiritsa ntchito kafukufuku wopanga akupanga pamankhwala amadzi

Kafukufuku wopanga akupanga amasonkhanitsa kafukufuku wa akupanga kuti agwiritse ntchito mphamvu, ndipo mphamvu yamphamvu yamphamvu imatha kupezeka kumapeto kwa nkhope ya radiation ya akupanga. Chifukwa cha kusonkhanitsa mphamvu kwa nyanga, mphamvu yamagetsi yamagetsi imayenda bwino kwambiri; zomwe zimachitika zitha kupangidwa molondola molingana ndi kuchuluka kwa mphamvu zamayimbidwe. Maonekedwe omaliza a kafukufukuyu nthawi zambiri amapangidwa kuti azitha kusunthika, kuti kafukufuku wa kukula koyenera kwa nkhope yakumapeto athe kusankhidwa nthawi iliyonse malinga ndi phokoso lofunikira. Nthawi yomweyo, pomwe kafukufuku wadzaza ndi cavitation, gawo lomaliza lokha ndilofunika kusinthidwa popanda kusintha mtengo. Pulogalamu yamtengo wapatali yokwera mtengo. Makina opangira mawonekedwe akupanga atha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kuthana ndi madzi owonongeka osiyanasiyana. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga monocyclic onunkhira, polycyclic onunkhira ma hydrocarbon, phenols, ma hydrocarboni okhala ndi ma chlorine, ma hydrocarboni okhala ndi chlorine, ma organic acid, utoto, mowa, ma ketoni, ndi zina zambiri Kafukufuku wamankhwala amadzi ogwiritsidwa ntchito ndikupeza zotsatira zabwino. M'madzi enieni a mafakitole, zida zakhala zikugwiritsidwa ntchito pochiritsa mapepala opangira papepala, kusindikiza ndi kutaya madzi akuda, madzi owotchera khungu, madzi osokerera, madzi opangira mankhwala, lephhate, ndi zina zotero, ndipo zidapeza zotsatira zabwino.


Post nthawi: Nov-04-2020