nkhani

Tekinoloje ya akupanga imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri m'makampani. Pepala ili lidzafotokozera za kudula kwa akupanga, ndikuphatikiza zitsanzo za zinthu zina zamagetsi poyerekeza ndi zomwe zimachitika pakukonza makina ndi kudula kwa laser, ndikuphunzira kugwiritsa ntchito ukadaulo wodula akupanga.

· Mawu Oyamba

Akupanga kudula ndi ukadaulo wapamwamba kwambiri wodula zopangira ma thermoplastic. Akupanga kudula luso amagwiritsa akupanga kuwotcherera kudula workpieces. Akupanga zida zowotcherera ndi zigawo zake ndizoyeneranso pakupanga makina. Teknoloji yopanga akupanga imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pamagetsi ogulitsa ndi ogula, magalimoto, mphamvu zatsopano, kulongedza, zamankhwala, kukonza chakudya ndi zina. Ndikukula kwachuma kwanyumba, magwiritsidwe ntchito azikhala okulira ndikulimba, ndipo zosowa pamsika ziwonjezekanso. Choncho, akupanga kudula luso ali ndi chiyembekezo chachikulu chitukuko.

· Mawotchi kudula

Mawotchi kudula ndi kulekana kwa zipangizo ndi makina njira pa kutentha yachibadwa, monga akumeta ubweya, kudula (macheka anaona, kokulumunya macheka, mchenga macheka, etc.), mphero ndi zina zotero. Kudula kwamakina ndi njira yofala yopangira zinthu ndipo ndimadulidwe ozizira. Chofunika ndichakuti zinthu zomwe ziyenera kukonzedwa zimafinyidwa ndi lumo kuti lisinthe kukometsa ndikuchepetsa kupatukana. Njira zodulira makina zimatha kugawidwa m'magawo atatu motsatizana: 1. gawo lokhazikika; 2. pulasitiki siteji mapindikidwe; 3. siteji yopasuka

· Laser kudula

3.1 Mfundo ya kudula laser

Kudula kwa laser kumagwiritsa ntchito mtanda wa laser wolimba kwambiri kuti uwunikire chophatikizacho, kutenthetsa zinthuzo mpaka masauzande mpaka makumi madigiri Celsius munthawi yochepa kwambiri, kulola kuti zinthuzo zizisungunuka kuti zisungunuke, ziphulike, zipse, kapena kuyatsa, Pogwiritsa ntchito mtengowo Mpweya wa coaxial wothamanga kwambiri umachotsa zinthu zosungunuka, kapena zinthu zomwe zimatulutsidwa ndi mpweya zimachotsedwa pamng'alu, potero zimadula chojambulacho kuti chikwaniritse cholinga chodula malowo. Laser kudula ndi imodzi mwa njira otentha kudula.

3.2 Laser kudula mbali:

Monga njira yatsopano yokonzera, kukonza kwa laser kwakhala kukugwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pamakampani azamagetsi chifukwa chazabwino zake, zolondola, zosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito komanso magwiridwe antchito apamwamba. Poyerekeza ndi njira yodulira, makina odulira laser samangotsika mtengo, osagwiritsika ntchito, komanso chifukwa makina a laser alibe makina pamakina ogwirira ntchito, momwe zimakhalira kudula mankhwala, kulondola kwake ndi liwiro lodula ndizambiri chabwino, ndipo opaleshoniyi ndi yotetezeka komanso kukonza kumakhala kosavuta. Makhalidwe monga: Maonekedwe a mankhwala omwe adadulidwa ndi makina a laser si achikasu, zokhazokha sizowonongeka, palibe kusinthasintha, kulimba, kukula kwake kumagwirizana komanso kulondola; akhoza kudula mawonekedwe aliwonse ovuta; Kuchita bwino kwambiri, mtengo wotsika, zithunzi zamakompyuta Zitha kudula zingwe zilizonse zamtundu uliwonse. Kukula mwachangu: Chifukwa chophatikizira ukadaulo wa laser ndi makompyuta, ogwiritsa ntchito amatha kupanga zojambula za laser ndikusintha chosema nthawi iliyonse bola ngati apangidwa pamakompyuta. Laser kudula, chifukwa mtengo wosawoneka umalowa m'malo mwa mpeni wamakina, gawo lamakina la laser sililumikizana ndi ntchitoyi, ndipo silikanda malo ogwirira ntchito; laser kudula liwiro ndichangu, incision ndiyosalala komanso mosabisa, nthawi zambiri sipafunikira Kugwiritsa ntchito kwina; osapanikizika pamakina, osakuma ubweya; kukonza kwakukulu, kubwereza kwabwino, osawonongeka padziko lapansi; Mapulogalamu a NC, amatha kukonza mapulani aliwonse, amatha kudula mbale yonseyo ndi mawonekedwe akulu, palibe chifukwa chotsegulira nkhungu, ndalama zopulumutsa nthawi.

· Akupanga kudula

4.1 Akupanga kudula mfundo:

Ndi kapangidwe kapadera ka mutu wowotcherera ndi tsinde, mutu wowotcherera umakanikizidwa m'mphepete mwa mankhwala apulasitiki, ndipo kugwedera kwa akupanga kumagwiritsidwa ntchito kudula mankhwala kuti akwaniritse kudula pogwiritsa ntchito akupanga kugwiranso ntchito mfundo. Monga momwe zimakhalira ndi njira zamakono, mfundo yoyambira yaukadaulo wogwiritsira ntchito ndikugwiritsa ntchito makina opanga magetsi kuti apange mafunde akupanga amtundu wina wa ma frequency, kenako matalikidwe ndi mphamvu zoyambirira ndizochepa ndi omwe akupanga-makina osinthira omwe adayikidwa mu akupanga kudula mutu. Kutulutsa kwa akupanga kumasandulika kukhala kugwedezeka kwamakina kwamafupipafupi, kenako kumakwezedwa ndi kumveketsa kuti mupeze matalikidwe okwanira ndi mphamvu (mphamvu) yokwaniritsa zofunikira zodula workpiece. Pomaliza, mphamvu imafalikira kumutu wowotcherera, kenako mankhwalawo amadulidwa. Ubwino wa kudula ndi kosalala komanso kosagawanika.
Akupanga kudula kugwedera dongosolo makamaka wopangidwa ndi akupanga transducer, akupanga nyanga ndi kuwotcherera mutu. Pakati pawo, ntchito ya akupanga transducer ndikusintha chizindikiro chamagetsi kukhala chizindikiritso chamayimbidwe; nyanga ndi yofunika chigawo chimodzi cha akupanga processing zipangizo. Ili ndi ntchito zazikulu ziwiri: (1) mphamvu yamagetsi-ndiye kuti, kusuntha kwamakina osunthika kapena matalikidwe a velocity kumakwezedwa, kapena mphamvuyo imangoyang'aniridwa pamalo ocheperako poizoniyu kuti asonkhanitse mphamvu; (2) mphamvu yamayimbidwe imafalikira pamtengopo- Monga makina osinthira makina, kuyerekezera kwa impedance kumachitika pakati pa transducer ndi katundu wamayimbidwe kuti alole kuti mphamvu ya akupanga ifalitsidwe kuchokera pa transducer kupita pamtengowo moyenera.

4.2. Makhalidwe a kudula akupanga:

Pamene mafunde akupanga amasangalala kufikira kutentha kwambiri, malonda amasungunuka chifukwa chakutentha kwapakatikati kwama cell ndi mkangano wamkati.

Akupanga kudula mbali. Akupanga kudula kuli ndiubwino wosanjikiza osalala komanso wolimba, kudula molondola, osasintha, osakhotakhota, kusefa, kupota, khwinya ndi zina zambiri. "Makina odulira laser" omwe amatha kupezeka amakhala ndi zovuta zodulira kokhwima, kotsogola, kuthira piritsi, ndi zina. Ubwino wodula akupanga ndi awa: 1. Kuthamanga mwachangu, ndimayendedwe osachepera sekondi imodzi. 2. Mbali za pulasitiki sizinapanikizike; 3. Malo odulira ndi oyera; 4 Malo ambiri amatha kudula nthawi yomweyo kuti azilekana zokha 5 Akupanga kudula sikukuipitsa.

Kodi ndi zinthu ziti zomwe zikudulidwa pogwiritsa ntchito ultrasound? Ntchito yabwino kwambiri yolimba ya thermoplastics (polycarbonate, polystyrene, ABS, polypropylene, nayiloni, ndi zina zambiri). Amadutsa mphamvu zamagetsi bwino kwambiri. Kulimba kotsika (modulus of elasticity) ma thermoplastics monga polyethylene ndi polypropylene amatenga mphamvu zamagetsi ndipo amatha kupereka zotsatira zosagwirizana.

· Mapeto

Poyerekeza ndi zotsatira za kudula kwamakina, kudula kwa laser ndi kudula kwa akupanga, akupanga ndi oyenera kwambiri kudula khutu la malonda, ndipo zotsatira zake ndi zabwino, kukwaniritsa zofunikira pakudula mankhwala, ndipo kudula kwa akupanga ndipamwamba kwambiri. Akupanga kudula ndi yankho labwino pazofunikira zodula mankhwala.

Ndikukula kwakanthawi kochepa kwa kafukufuku wopanga kudula akupanga, amakhulupirira kuti posachedwa, adzagwiritsidwa ntchito mokwanira.


Post nthawi: Nov-04-2020